Water is a daily necessity of life, but it can also be a highly destructive substance in an indoor environment. The Environmental Protection Agency attributes most water damage to pipe leakages, flooding, excess moisture in the atmosphere, hurricanes and broken appliances such as dishwashers and washing machines.
The impact of water damage
Water damage results in rusting of steel, de-laminating of materials, rotting of furniture and wooden fittings, as well as the destruction of electronics. Water damage can also create numerous health hazards through the exposure to mold or dirty water from sewage backups that can lead to diseases like cholera and dysentery.
Water damage repair and restoration
When dealing with water damage speed is of the utmost importance because the longer the problem goes unsolved then, the worse the consequences become. It is for this reason that it`s wise to engage the services offered by washington dc water damage company to ensure that professional repairs and restoration can begin as quickly as possible. When contacted by a client the first thing a company does is to perform an inspection of a water damage so that a damage report can be generated.
Damage is then categorized into three types depending on the type of water. Type one is called white and clean water often causes it from running taps or rain. Type two is grey water which is relatively clean because it comes from baths and washing machines. Type three is black water which is the most dangerous because it is highly contaminated with bacteria, viruses, fungi and mold. Blackwater usually comes from clogged toilets, solitary water or burst sewage pipes.
The second phase involves water extraction through the use of special equipment such as submersible and gas powered pumps as well as truck mounted extraction units. The power of the equipment used varies depending on the extent of the damage which often ranges from simply broken taps to completely flooded basements. Hygrometers and moisture meters are used to determine the level of moisture saturation in the atmosphere. Infrared cameras are used to see through walls so as to locate water that may be hidden from the naked eye.
Drying and de-humidification
The third phase is about ensuring dryness and de-humidification so that mold and fungi do not start to grow. Highly trained experts use dry or wet vacuums to suck out all the residual water that remains while dehumidifiers are used to remove all the moisture that`s in the air.
Sanitation and restoration
The fourth and final phase have to do with sanitation and restoration. Antimicrobial chemicals and disinfectants are used for final cleaning to ensure that harmful organisms cannot return. The elimination of odor can be done using industrial air scrubbers as well as fogging and deodorization equipment. Restoration efforts include:
- Hardwood floor repair.
- Wall painting
- Carpet cleaning and drying
- Dry wall repairs
- Tile replacement
- Roof repairs